How To Tell If a Rock Is A Geode
Geodes are a favorite among rockhounds, and the greatest are the ones we’ve found on our own. If you have a rock pick handy, it’s easy to get tempted to start breaking rocks right away.
Geodes are a particular kind of rock formation distinguished by their rough surface and spherical shape. These dependable indications, however, do not cover all the bases.
So, let’s take it a step further and discuss how to identify geodes in rocks.
A Closer Look At What Geodes Are
A geode is a crystal nodule with a hollow center, according to the scientific definition. Crystal forms usually encircle the interior cluster on the outside.
There is a unique geological formation called a geode that may be found in the earth. Not all crystal-bearing rocks are geodes; nodules are those that are filled solidly with crystals.
Thundereggs are nodule and rhyolite formations where nodules develop in a spherical shape on a stable rhyolite matrix. However, the term “thunderegg” can refer to any spherical, filled nodule, not just those that are spherical in shape.
Hollow geodes are a given; it’s what makes them geodes. No matter what sort of crystal formation is found inside, the stone will always be classified as a geode. It’s not correct to say that all geodes and all nodules are the same.
The Importance of Location Cannot Be Overstated
In order for geodes to form, particular environmental conditions must exist. They’re not uncommon, but you’ll only find them in a few places.
You’re probably gazing at something different if you’re not at a place where geodes form. Agate nodules and other igneous structures might be mistaken for geodes by newcomers.
Most of the time, geodes aren’t found in unexpected places.
That is to say, understanding where a rock came from is essential to discovering whether or not it is a geode. If you didn’t dig in an area where they’re known to be, you’re going to be disappointed.
The greatest places in the United States to find geodes are in the West, in the arid regions. Some of the most well-known may be found in Southern California, which is a plus if your vacation isn’t concentrated upon rock-hunting excursions.
There are notable deposits in the following states:
If you seek in the right places, you may frequently find smaller towns in those states. Rockhounding may take you to many places that are off the usual path.
It’s possible you’re gazing at agate, jasper, or another kind of cryptocrystalline silica if you don’t live near a geode-rich location.
Geodes will be found in a variety of forms depending on where you go. Calcite, quartz, fluorite, and pyrite are among the crystals found inside. Remember, they’re a special configuration, not a special stone!
How To Identify a Geode
If you see any of the typical geode characteristics listed below, you’ve most likely found a geode!
- Are you looking in a region where geodes are common?
- Geodes are generally spherical, although their surfaces are always rough.
- Geodes occasionally have loose material inside, which may be heard when the rock is shaken. You may also use a stone or hammer to softly tap it to test whether it sounds hollow.
- Because the inside of geodes is devoid of material, they are generally lighter than their size suggests.
So now that you believe that the rock you have is in fact a geode, what can you do with it?
Getting Your Geodes Open: How to Crack a Geode
It’s difficult sometimes to crack open a geode. It really just all comes down to how you plan to present your mineral and show it off to the world.
The Not-So-Gentle Approach
Because not everyone has access to special equipment, opening a geode may require a bit more of a rough technique.
Put your safety glasses on, grab your hammer, and secure the geode.
In the field, the geode may be placed between two bigger boulders. At home, I like to start with the stone held in a vice.
To give yourself more material to deal with while prepping your specimen, aim for a smallish initial hole. The corners of a rock hammer’s face should not be overlooked; that single point of contact is ideal for producing clean cracks in silica based materials.
Tap with increasing pressure on the corner of the face of the hammer until you break into the cavity. You may then break off smaller bits of the exterior using the pick end of your rock pick or a flathead screwdriver to make your display piece.
Related: How To Make Rocks Look Wet and Shiny
You’ll need a chisel if you don’t have any lapidary tools and want a cleaner cut.
Create a line around the center of the geode with the chisel, gradually increasing the depth. Place the chisel in the scored line and hit it with a hammer once you’re slightly into the inner layer.
While not as precise as a saw, this method often results in two pieces that could be cleaned up and presentable.
How to Cut a Geode With A Saw
The easiest way to acquire a stunning geode for your collection is to use a lapidary saw to cut it.
Although lapidary saws are simple to operate, most individuals lack access to them. You may frequently find equipment in a workshop at local rock clubs if you live near a larger city or town.
You may begin with a low-cost tile saw if you have the room for a set-up. Replace the original blade with a lapidary blade of the same proportions and make sure it runs wet. You may have to be inventive if your saw and blades aren’t up to the task.
Either way, all you have to do is feed the geode through the saw’s blade. Every time you use this technique, you’ll get a flawless cut.